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Objectives: An understanding of the basic mechanisms of disease as they relate to the eye. 

Brief curriculum: Microbiology: microbial identification, bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasitic infection, prions, epidemiology of infection, infection control, common ocular infections; Immunology: cells of the immune system, normal and abnormal function; Disease processes: cell injury, adaptation, hypoxia, ischemia, inflammation, cell growth, vascular disease, atherosclerosis, neoplasia, aging, genetic abnormalities, diabetes, hypertension, intracranial disease.

Study Level


Indicative contact hours


Course Outline

To access course outline, please visit:

Pre-2019 Handbook Editions

Access past handbook editions (2018 and prior)

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